Minggu, 01 November 2009

the guitar history

The guitar is one of the instruments with the most distant relatives through history and the world. For many, the first instrument resembling a guitar could date from 2000 BC. One finds in fact on representations of the Babylonians (1900 BC) but also in Egypt the same time.
The guitar n'apparue Europe than IX th century, probably introduced via Spain where the Arabs and Berbers people crossing the Mediterranean and brought their cultural specificities. Stringed instruments were common during the years until the renaissance lute which made its appearance. The guitar appears in the form now known to the XV century, is considered to be long an instrument of low category (compared to the lute, an instrument noble).
Obviously the first guitars were very different from those we know today: usually the strings were doubled, the body was very short and rarely handle more than 8 frets.
The guitar, easy access to and quality support naturally took his place in the family of stringed instruments to become over the years one of the references in the category of instruments "go anywhere". But it's really thanks to the two Spanish guitar really bored: Antonio de Torres Jurado and Francisco Tarrega. These two men of the nineteenth century sought to find the correct dimensions of the instrument, the ideal arrangement of strings, and allowed him to return from the instruments to accompany the major components of the romantic era. Torres will become the most popular maker for the sound of his guitar, Tarrega and one of the greatest virtuosos of the instrument. Many students of these great masters have become very famous guitarists, but it is a self-taught instrument that will give an international dimension: Andres Segovia.
Over time the repertoire of this instrument is therefore popular enthusiasm and of course important. So much so that the guitar goes into schools in England, which eventually incorporate into their lessons to the twentieth century, one of the last instruments to enter.
The guitar will then be taken up by hundreds of makers who seek to change the instrument on both its sound and musical qualities on the design of the object. In the early 1920s, while jazz bands looking to expand their guitar solos to test in public, Lloyd Loar, an engineer with the Gibson brand, created the first micro electromagnetic guitar: this is the beginning of an era electric.


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